Archives for: June 2010, 21

2010-06-21

Gap between two navmeshes

Permalink 12:33:12 am, Categories: Navigation Meshes  

One of the most annoying problems that comes from building one navigation mesh for each sector is that a gap is formed between two navmeshes, near a portal. In a nutshell, this problem occurs because Recast subtracts a border from each navmesh (for more details, see the post before this one).

In order to solve this problem, I created a "fake corridor" of triangles for each portal, going out of the map in the direction of the portal's normal. This corridor is like an extrusion of the portal's polygon, going in the direction of it's normal. This way, the border is subtracted from this fake corridor instead of the walkable map.

The portal's polygon is a planar convex polygon. For each of it's vertices v, another vertex was created at the position v + n * b, where n is the portal's normal and b is the navmesh's border size. Triangles were then created to connect these new vertices to the old ones (two triangles for each of the polygon's edges). The triangles were defined clockwise for an observer inside the corridor formed.

This approach successfully closed the gap between navmeshes from adjacent sectors, as can be seen below:

Fixed gap between navmeshes
Door between two sectors, before and after applying the fix.

One important thing to notice is that some parts of the navigation mesh are not visible. In the current state of the test application, only the navmesh of the sector the camera is on is visible. This happens because of the way portals are handled in some maps (including the castle map used for this application): when a portal is visible, the sector it connects to is first rendered to a texture, which is then applied to a portal mesh. Since there is no connection between the navmeshes and the sector, the later are not rendered to this texture. So, in order to take this screenshot, I positioned the camera right between the two sectors, causing both sectors to be rendered directly.

At first sight, there is no simple way to make all meshes visible without altering the rendering engine. So, for now, I'll probably leave this problem as it is. On my project proposal, I allocated the last week to polishing the demo application, so maybe that would be a good time to try and fix this.

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