Archives for: June 2012, 30

2012-06-30

Ocean Shaders

Permalink 12:09:30 pm, Categories: GSoC 2012  

Ocean looked nice with connected meshes but it lacked reflection and refraction. Although Ocean is actually a deep water system thus should have no refraction but I did it anyways. For this implementation i followed this Paper.

It involved 5 basic steps.
1. Create the reflection texture : provided by engine
2. Create the refraction texture : provided by engine
3. Distort the textures according to a dudv-map :- We don't need it as it's used to apply distortion. Normal map worked equally great.
4. Apply bump mapping : not needed since we are using vertex shaders to generate waves.
5. Combine with fresnel effects : no problem :)

and here's the result

Ocean reflect refract

and this

island ocean

Some notes
-ocean exhibits No caustics. Caustics are already implemented in CS but aren't in ocean
-This shader is *not* shaderwaver. It is regular vertex and fragment program.
-LOD pops out as you move along.
-ocean doesn't entirely covers the island. a possible solution for it could be to increase the cell width and leght and corresponding parameters. so that it covers more area.
-also waves direction appears to be changing between different LOD when viewed from top. implementing inverse FFT could remove it, I think.

-Naman Gupta

Modification in ocean LOD and mesh

Permalink 09:35:43 am, Categories: GSoC 2012  

So Crystal Space had a Ocean system in which Ocean was made by combining little ocean cells(20x20). These ocean cells would have different Level of Details(LOD) Governed by distance from camera. This distribution of LOD wasn't quite working as distance computed between camera and the cell was actually a *squared* distance and comparison was made with actual distance. Also cells re-positions themselves as camera move parallel to ocean. This re-positioning was causing a jerk. Well, both these bugs are fixed now. :)

Now comes the major issue *aaahhhh*. LOD distribution was working fine but the problem was with adjoining ocean cells of different LOD. for example one cell has LOD 5 and adjoining cell had LOD 4. Now LOD5 has double the vertices at boundaries than LOD4. and since the vertices are moving in waves like patterns so the ocean cells looks unconnected and Thus looked Ugly.

Thanks to Nvidia's ocean demo(and of course my mentor res) I was successfully able to replicate their implementation to rectify this problem. Checkout the wireframe rendering of ocean.
Here's what's happening.

Unmarked Oceancells

confused?
Now have a look at this

MarkedOceancell

Yellow color represents an oceancell.
Blue color represents inner mesh.
Green color represents the division line of outer meshes for a single cell.
there are four outer meshes for each cell.

Red color represents how LOD levels are connected using low res boundaries in higher LOD cell.

The vertices for a cells are computed as usual. The real magic happens in computing the triangle(tris). tris for inner meshes are computed as usual. then 2^4=16 different cells are created for one LOD level and stored in an array.
2^4 where 2 is the resolution ie low/high and 4 are edges Top/right/bottom/left. That's how we got the number 16. Desired cell(out of 16) selection depends upon LOD level adjoining cell.

-Naman Gupta

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